"The federal government has kept 94% of these offshore areas closed for exploration and production, and when they say closed, they mean closed", President Trump said, adding that Obama's actions "deprived our country of potentially thousands and thousands of jobs". Environmental groups plan legal challenges to the changes.
"We will fight every effort to jeopardize the 12,500 tourism jobs clean sands and clear water and we will fight every effort to line there pockets of petroleum executives $244 million in local tourism salary", said Laura Habr of the Business Alliance for Protecting the Atlantic Coast.
While some, notably Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, believe that the removal of drilling bans will stimulate not just the oil industry but also the wider US economy, others are skeptical. This will include Obama's move to quadruple the size of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, a marine protected area near Hawaii created by President George W. Bush that Obama expanded by 442,781 square miles. "Republican and Democratic administrations alike have understood and seen the wisdom from the risks posed by offshore oil development".
'I'm very proud of the people standing behind me. The move, which is expected to lead to litigation in the courts, is the latest attempt to dismantle President Barack Obama's environmental legacy.
The president was surrounded by energy industry representatives and politicians from oil producing states as he signed the order. Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan and many members of Congress. Friday's order will direct the Interior Department to review Obama's blocking of drilling sites in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas.
He thanked Zinke and Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, who had also counseled Trump on his last-minute decision not to pull out of NAFTA.
"President Trump is threatening Florida's economy, beaches, waterways and natural resources with today's executive order expanding offshore drilling", Gillum stated in a news release issued by his campaign.
The order directs Zinke to revise or begin a new five-year plan for oil and gas development that considers areas the Obama administration placed off-limits.
The majority of sanctuary supporters, including Hill and Gibson, said they believed the sanctuary designation was needed to protect the county from offshore oil drilling. According to CNN Money, "environmental rules didn't trigger the downturn in the oil industry".
Trump's new order asks for a review and replacement of the Obama administration's last five-year oil and gas development for the outer continental shelf to be reviewed and replaced.
Along the Atlantic coast, though, more than 100 cities and towns have passed resolutions against offshore drilling.
On Wednesday Trump signed a separate order to examine areas of US federally managed land to determine if they were improperly designated as national monuments by former presidents, rendering them off limits to development.