It signalled a coming-of-age for Hope, who averaged just 18.61 in his previous 21 Test innings, but lined up England's attack superbly to follow up his first-innings 147 - his maiden century - with a hundred off 175 balls. Here, he was elegant through the offside and assured off his legs. It was the Windies' first in a test in England for 17 years.
After being in control for the first three days, West Indies is now up against it and needs the second-highest total to win a test at Headingley, and the highest since Don Bradman's Australia team made 404-3 batting last in 1948.
Root's decision to bat first came somewhat as a surprise as just a week earlier England had taken 19 wickets in a single day to beat the Windies inside three days at Edgbaston.
'We need to make sure we learn those lessons and take that to Lord's and try to win the series'.
Despite his side's struggles in the longest format in recent years, Holder believed such performances were always within West Indies capabilities, and hailed the victory as just rewards for some previously unheralded toil.
However, middle-order batsman Shai Hope emerged as a real star for his side as she smashed two consecutive centuries in the Test. Brathwaite's 180-ball innings, including 12 fours, meant the opener had batted for more than 10 hours in the match.
Chase benefited from a Ben Stokes overthrow to the tune of five runs, but fell for 30 when substitute fielder Mason Crane claimed a great diving catch at mid-on.
Anderson came within an inch of claiming England's second wicket only for Brathwaite's edge to fall short of Westley at third slip but soon did bag another in the most fortunate of circumstances.
There have been 534 first-class matches at Headingley and amazingly, though some greats of the game at Yorkshire, England and beyond have played at this world famous ground, no one had recorded a hundred in either innings. An absolutely splendid game and well done to the West Indies. Jermaine Blackwood, on the other hand, wanted to win in the grand manner, shed off his helmet in an act of defiance and charged down the pitch.
Watch live coverage of the third Test between England and Windies on Sky Sports Cricket with over-by-over commentary and in-play video clips on our live match day blog, available across Sky Sports digital platforms, from 10am on Thursday 7th September.