China's Ministry of Commerce said the 30 percent tariffs announced in January violates WTO rules.The fees also apply to imports of solar cells and units from Europe, Canada, Mexico and South Korea, Increasing strained relations with USA allies.
China officially filed a complaint with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on Tuesday, claiming that the solar import tariffs imposed by the USA and its subsidies for local products harm China's legitimate rights and interests and clash with WTO rules.
The Trump administration has defended the solar tariffs as necessary to protect American producers, saying import prices were unfairly low due to subsidies and other improper support. Suniva, based in the United States, and SolarWorld, whose parent is in Germany, said imposing tariffs would lead to more jobs in the solar industry in the United States.
In part to press Ankara to release U.S. Evangelical pastor Andrew Brundson, Trump raised tariffs on Turkish steel to 50 percent, and aluminum duties to 20 percent. "This act of abuse of safeguards not only harms the legitimate rights and interests of the Chinese side, but also affects the seriousness and authority of the WTO rules". For the solar panel industry, China has about 60 percent of the payrolls, representing about 2.2 million employees.
"Besides the safeguard measures, the United States granted additional subsidies to domestic renewable energy products, including photovoltaic products, which are suspected of being import substitution subsidies and violating its national treatment obligations". With these new duties, tens of thousands of jobs could be lost, not created.
On July 6, USA tariffs on 34 billion dollars of Chinese goods came into force, and China responded by enacting tariffs on 34 billion dollars of goods it buys from the United States.
China responded two days later by proposing tariffs ranging from 5 percent to 25 percent on 5,207 USA goods worth 60 billion dollars.
-Asked whether they would stop buying US products, 14 said they would, 31 said they wouldn't (some indicated their views could change if the trade war intensifies), and five didn't have a view.
Beyond tariffs, currency concerns have re-emerged as an issue in the Trump administration, and they are expected to come up during this round of talks.