Trump ratchets up tariff pressure on China with $200 billion hit

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Trump has promised to respond to Chinese retaliation with further tariffs on the remainder of Chinese imports - which he has variously characterized as $267 billion or $257 billion worth of products.

Last year, China imported just $130 billion of goods from the United States, leaving Beijing with now only around $80 billion of imports to work with, but Trump's latest move will see 10 percent tariffs slapped on $200 billion of Chinese imports.

The president announced Monday that he will hit up to $200 billion in Chinese goods - itemized on a 194-page list - with a 10 percent tariff starting September 24. Steel is usually priced in anticipation of future supply, which means prices could increase before the January hike.

"We're doing a very good job with China", Trump said in the Oval Office.

Mr Trump warned on Monday that if China takes retaliatory action against USA farmers or industries, "we will immediately pursue phase three, which is tariffs on approximately US$267 billion of additional imports".

The tariffs announced by Beijing on Tuesday reflect the dwindling amount of goods on which it can impose new tariffs.

Rokita said he liked the position the USA was taking. He demanded Canada and Mexico renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement to make it more favourable to the United States. But auto, pharmaceutical and other foreign companies are required to operate in China through local state-owned partners, which obliges them to share know-how with potential competitors.

China will impose a 10 per cent tariff on U.S. products it previously designated for a rate of 20 and 25 per cent. And he thinks Chinese also have started to realize that.

The American Chambers of Commerce in China and in Shanghai said last week that half of more than 430 companies that responded to a survey say they have suffered from slower customs approvals and been subject to more environmental and other inspections. -China commercial relationship after almost four decades of growing interdependence would ripple through the global economy, shaking financial markets, reordering business supply chains and perhaps even raising the danger of military conflict, analysts said.

According to an Economic Times report, the USA has granted a conditional waiver to India on imposing the steel and aluminium tariffs by exempting a certain percentage of these imports from tariffs. You could see China's initial $50 billion retaliation as a test to see how Trump would react.

US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said yesterday it was up to Beijing to decide the terms of upcoming negotiations.

"If he does that, we're just headed inevitably for an economic Cold War with China", said economist Gary Hufbauer of the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

"And that's what China did", he said addressing a joint news conference with the visiting Polish President Andrzej Duda at the White House.

The United States wants to pressure China to make sweeping changes to its trade, technology transfer and high-tech industrial subsidy policies.

The escalating confrontation initially shook up global stock markets, but Wall Street was up early Tuesday largely on relief that Trump's tariffs could have been more severe.

In a wide-ranging speech, China's premier, Li Keqiang, sought to de-escalate the conflict by pledging significant further Chinese reform, including tax cuts, a commitment not to engage in competitive currency devaluation to boost exports, treating foreign firms equally with domestic ones, and a further crackdown on intellectual property theft. On Tuesday, China said it would impose tariffs of its own on an additional US$60 billion in USA goods.

USA stock markets opened higher and the Nasdaq index was up 1 over 1 percent by mid-morning.

However, he conceded China would be "giving more attentions to preemptive measures and fine tunings".